A3 Structural Systems [SIU teams

Wood Platform Framing: The fitting together of wooden pieces to give a structure support and shape, commonly named as framing members. Timber framing was superseded by balloon framing beginning in the 1830s in America which is made up of many light-weight members. Platform framing superseded balloon framing and is the standard wooden framing method today. Click Group 1 to see the examples.

Wood Post and Beam: A method of building with heavy timbers rather than dimensional lumber such as 2"x4"s. Traditional timber framing is the method of creating structures using heavy squared-off and carefully fitted and joined timbers with joints secured by large wooden pegs. Click Group 1 to see the example.

Cross Laminated Timber: With the use of cross laminated timber systems high-rise building are possible, thereby improving well-being, affordability, carbon emissions, and sustainability issues. Research cross laminated timber prefab design methods. Click Group 1 or Group 2 to see the examples.

Steel Frame: A building technique with a "skeleton frame" of vertical steel columns and horizontal I-beams, constructed in a rectangular grid to support the floors, roof and walls of a building which are all attached to the frame. The development of this technique made the construction of the skyscraper possible. Click Group 1 or Group 2 to see the examples.

Light weight steel frame: Steel-framed construction has many advantages including being durable, stable and termite-proof. Although steel production requires large amounts of energy, it has proven that it is 100% recyclable and current framing products often include recycled content. Click Group 1 or Group 2 to see the examples.

Steel Joists: A lightweight steel truss system consisting, in the standard form, of parallel chords and a triangulated web system, proportioned to span between bearing points. Click Group 1 to see the example.

Steel Space Frame: A truss-like, lightweight rigid structure constructed from interlocking struts in a geometric pattern. It is strong because of the inherent rigidity of the triangle. Click Group 1 to see the example.

Poured Concrete Slab: There are two versions: the flat plate is a two-way reinforced concrete framing system utilizing a slab of uniform thickness, the simplest of structural shapes. The flat slab is a two-way reinforced structural system that includes either drop panels or column capitals at columns to resist heavier loads and thus permit longer spans. Click Group 1 to see the example.

Post-Tensioned Concrete Frame: Post-tensioned slabs using high strength tensioned steel strands to compress the slabs, keeping the majority of the concrete in compression. Click Group 1 to see the example.

Precast Concrete Frame: Precast concrete structures behave in a different way to those where the concrete is cast in-situ, with the components subject to different forces and movements. These components are manufactured by industrial methods based on mass production in order to build a large number of buildings in a short time at low cost. Click Group 1 to see the example.